1936: In Lwow, Poland, mathematicians met at the Scottish Café. Similar to the coffee shops and salons of the Enlightenment, the café was a location where academics could discuss pressing issues of the day. In the spirit of shared mathematical discovery, patrons would pose problems in a book for their fellows to solve. Those who presented the problems sometimes offered prizes to the mathematician(s) who solved them. One of these prizes was a bottle of wine associated with Problem 110, introduced by Dr. Stanislaw Ulam. At the start of the Second World War, the so-called “Scottish Book” was buried underneath the post of the university’s football pitch. It was later recovered and returned to Ulam at Los Alamos after the War.
1976: Dr. Coke Reed, with Polish mathematician, Dr. Krystyna Kuperberg, solved Problem 110. Dr. Ulam, as the last surviving person with an unsolved problem with a prize in the Scottish Book, held true to tradition, and responded with a simple telegram asking, “red or white?”. Both mathematicians were rewarded with the promised bottle of wine. Dr. Reed considered a dynamical system based around the solution which carried data rather than particles, giving birth to the Data Vortex.
1997: Interactic Holdings, LLC was formed in Delaware. During the next eighteen years, no venture or institutional funding was accepted. Private shareholders supported the company’s growth and intellectual property effort.
1999: Following through with his hypothesis on a data carrying, dynamical system, Dr. Reed published the first Data Vortex patent based on his solution to Problem 110. Since that date, thirteen patents have been published and there are currently approximately seventeen more in the United States Patent Office Pipeline. The intellectual property is heavily protected world-wide.